Hi team! Due to an unexpected stay in quarantine (that I wanted to make useful in some way) I've amalgamated a list of resources for those studying for the LSAT!
I've taken the time to do so because a number of questions (e.g. how do I get faster at reading comp) reoccur with a relatively non-trivial degree of frequency. The thing is, there are usually resources that already exist for these kinds of questions (and some are very, very good). It is a shame that test takers are missing out on some of the excellent (free) pieces of advice that already exist, only because they are buried on these forums and/or other websites! And to orient test takers in the right direction I thought it might be helpful to compile a list of these resources, at least for what appear to be some of the more common questions.
The way I've done it is I've broken the Resource List into 8 major headings (General Info, LSAT Flex, Canadian Law Schools, Self-Prep, LR, RC, LG, Courses vs Tutoring). Under each major heading I have listed a number of common questions (e.g. "when should I take the LSAT", "what are good resources for self-study", etc). Each question will either have links to various resources (often to threads on this very forum as well as other forums and websites) as well as a personal commentary by myself if I believe the links are not entirely self-sufficient or if no links (or no good links) are available to answer some important questions; my commentary will be prefaced by an AC just so you know what you are reading is from myself (and to take it with the requisite amount of salt).
It is important to note that neither my employer nor myself necessarily endorse the information contained in the links I share here. In fact, I am likely to downright disagree with a good amount of what I have linked to here! Why am I linking to these resources if I disagree with what they have to say? Because except for very few things about the LSAT - such as how many sections are in the exam or what the correct answer choice is - there are no objectively right or wrong things to do especially when it comes to how to study, how long it takes, or how to approach various sections. Studying for the LSAT is an inherently individualistic process and what works for some may not work for others. In the extreme, what works for most may not work for you. I've taught hundreds of students and on that basis I have a certain belief about what works best for most. But even still, sometimes I encounter students who do better utilizing a vastly different approach; and you know what, the approach that optimizes their score is fundamentally the best approach for them! I want test takers to be exposed to as many vantage points as possible to maximize their probability of finding something that works. In other words, I do not want to bias the resources contained here by only including those that I agree with. I have gone to some length to catalog a variety of perspectives. Though, I have tried to not include anything I think is completely devoid of merit (if you find anything like that in the list please let me know).
Tips on using these resources: As noted above some of the resources will have conflicting information. I mean, if I link to more than one guide on how to study for Reading Comp then almost by construction that'll be the case! So, be discerning. I have presented resources here to guide you in your LSAT journey; not to provide an authority on what to do. Look at what is out there (on this list and other places) and pick and choose what you think might work best for you.
Best of Luck!
P.S. If I have made an error such as I have provided an incorrect link (I mean, there are a lot of them here) please let me know! I am sure we can get the mods to help us out to correct the original post. In addition, if you have some resources that I have not linked to please post them and I'll see if I can get a mod to consolidate them into the resource list.
P.P.S. A list of prefaces used in the links
(TLS) https://www.top-law-schools.com/forums/index.php (TLS is generally a place for people aiming for high (170+) scores. Their advice is tailored towards that crowd but it is generally useful for us Canadians who do not necessarily need to obtain such scores. I very highly recommend you make an account if only so you can read the threads in their entirety.)
The links will be prefaced by the source (except for links direct from LSAC). For example, "(LS) Is the LSAT Learnable" is a link to a thread on the lawstudent.ca forums discussing whether or not the LSAT is learnable. So if you happen to want to disregard all pieces from a particular source (not recommended but hey, some people really hate reddit) then you can do so without having to click through the link!
LSAT General Information
Is there a free real LSAT exam that I can peak at to see what I am getting myself into
LSAC Free Exam
How do I sign up to take the LSAT
How long is an LSAT score good for
LSAT Expiry Date
How many times can I take the LSAT in a given year / How many times can I take the LSAT in a lifetime
(LS) LSAT Limits
How many times a year is the LSAT offered
LSAT Test Dates
How hard is the LSAT and is the LSAT learnable
(LS) Is the LSAT Learnable
(LS) Is the LSAT Learnable redux
(PowerScore) How Hard is the LSAT
What is the LSAT Flex and what do I need to know about taking and scheduling it
LSAT Flex Information
Where can I write the LSAT Flex
See above link from LSAC on LSAT Flex Information
(LS) What is a private room and where can I write the Flex
Do I need to schedule a specific time to write the writing sample
(LS) Scheduling the Writing Sample
Do schools consider the LSAT Flex the same as the Traditional LSAT
AC: Realistically speaking they don't have a choice. Most applicants take the exam the same year in which they submit their applications and schools would be unlikely to fill all the seats in the room (at least not to their standards for entrance stats) by relying solely on exams administered in the traditional format from years past.
LSAT Flex FAQ
(Western Law) Covid19 and admissions
Is the LSAT Flex less or more difficult than the regular LSAT
AC: There has been much chatter about this! On the one hand, the scores are scaled so it shouldn't really matter because your score will (read: should) be relative to all other test takers. On the other hand, the scale is not relative to the exam day cohort but rather to previous administrations where the sections were used as experimentals; and it is not at all clear how the psychometricians at LSAC could recalibrate those past results to the new test in a clean way. My take is this: it will be easier for some and harder for others (....useful eh!). Since the LR section has been reduced in weight from 50% of the exam (2/4 sections) to 33% (1/3 sections) you are likely to do better if LR was not your strong suit and likely to do worse if LR was your best section. Of course to say by how much is difficult and will, like all things on the LSAT, depend on the individual.
See LSAT Flex FAQ linked above
(Reddit) Is the LSAT Flex Harder
(LS) What do you think about the LSAT Flex
LSAT Flex sometimes has (some) technical issues
AC: Unfortunately, like most other mass technical endeavors the LSAT Flex has had some problems, some of the time. It is unfortunate but not unexpected given the sheer number of test takers. However, the incidence rate appears to be relatively low. And if there is a screw up on your exam you do have some recourse; LSAC will generally offer you a free retake if you reach out to them and lodge a complaint (kind of sucks given all the prep you put in but it's really all that can happen).
(Reddit) Some technical problems with the FLEX
(LS) Proctor problems with the FLEX
Do I need to take the LSAT to get into Canadian Law Schools
AC: For most common law schools you need an LSAT (every common law school other than McGill requires the LSAT). For civil law schools you do not.
LSAC Affiliated Canadian Schools
(7sage) Overview of Canadian law school admissions
(PowerScore) Canadian law school admissions
When should I take the LSAT
AC: There is no "right" time to take the LSAT. Generally speaking you should take the LSAT when you are confident you will achieve a score that is reflective of your abilities. Sometimes that means delaying writing even if you have already studied for a given exam date. From my perspective the July or August administrations prior to your intended year of application are probably good ones to aim for. The reason for this is two fold. One, if you are still in school it gives you a few months of time to dedicate towards LSAT studying without the hassle of other coursework. And two, if you don't get the score you want or think you are capable of (shit sometimes happens!) then you have a few more opportunities to write the exam (such as October or December) and apply within the same cycle. Note: LSAC has increased the number of administrations as of late but that could change at any time. Please look to see what administrations are available for the year in which you plan to write the exam (it used to be only 4).
(BestSchoolValues) When should you take the LSAT
(LS) When should you take the LSAT
(uMass Law School) When should you take the LSAT
(Reddit) When should you take the LSAT
What is the last available LSAT sitting that Canadian schools will accept for admission that same cycle
AC: The answer depends on the schools to which you apply. In general it seems that most will accept January scores and some will accept February scores. However, always check directly with the schools to which you are applying to get the latest information as these dates sometimes change.
What is considered a "good" LSAT score for Canadian Schools
(Oxford Sem) Canadian school admissions profiles
(LS) Chance predictor based on stats
(LS) UBC predictor
(LS) Canadian law school gpa and admissions information
How do schools get a copy of my LSAT score
AC: Simply provide an LSAC file number on your application to Canadian schools and the schools will request directly from LSAC (e.g. UBC https://allard.ubc.ca/programs/juris-doctor-jd-program/admissions/how-apply). You do NOT need to go through LSAC's system unless you are applying to US law schools (e.g. OUAC requests directly from LSAC).
Do Canadian schools care how many times i've taken the LSAT
AC: Nobody cares! Okay, that's a bit of an exaggeration but mostly, nobody cares. At the time of this post, only UofA and UofC are known to average LSAT scores for final admissions decisions. Queens has been known to average for queuing purposes but for final admissions they are like every other school in that they take your highest. Yes, even if you've written the maximum allowable times (a 155,156,153,160 is the SAME as a student who scored a 160 on the first go). In other words, if you intend to apply to schools other than UofC or UofA and you are considering writing again, are eligible to do so (check the latest on LSAC's rewrite policies), and think that you can achieve a better score that will assist you greatly in admissions, please do not hesitate to rewrite due to a perception of "writing too many times." The decision is yours (duh!) but generally speaking if a rewrite may help you and you are eligible to do it, then rewrite.
(7Sage) Multiple attempts at the LSAT
(LS) Do not cancel a 154 schools only look at your highest score
(LS) Schools really only factor your highest score
(LS) Schools really only factor your highest score redux
What is a Diagnostic test, when should I take it, how much prep should I do before the test, and what is a good diagnostic score
AC: The quick and dirty is that a Diagnostic test is a full LSAT exam that you take under timed conditions before you have studied any significant amount (see above for a link to a free LSAT exam). It is okay to be somewhat familiar with what is going to be asked of you (you don't have to go in completely blind) but generally speaking a diagnostic should be taken before you've spent a significant amount of time studying. The reason isn't so much that the Diagnostic is overly important as a study tool itself so much as it tells you where you stand and what sections to focus on. For example, someone with a true 165 diagnostic probably doesn't need to spend the same amount of time or energy on studying as someone who obtained a 150 diagnostic. Moreover, a Diagnostic helps diagnose your weak areas and naturally, that's where you want to focus more of your time studying (and it is helpful to know that sooner rather than later)! Diagnostic scores do not pigeonhole you into a particular score bracket. That is, if you get a lower diagnostic score, say a 140 for example, do not mistake that for indicating that you are unable to obtain a score that will get you into law school. Having said that, there is a definite correlation between a diagnostic score and where people end up on their final write. So if you do score lower on your diagnostic you are likely going to have to dedicate a good amount of time to this exam if you hope to achieve a competitive score.
(ResolutionLSAT) Do NOT skip the diagnostic
(Reddit) Diagnostic test results and what that means
(LS) Correlating a diagnostic to a final score
(LS) Guys, a 152 is a good diagnostic
(LS) Guys, a 151 is still a good diagnostic
I got a terrible diagnostic result and don't know what to do
AC: See above discussion about how a lower Diagnostic score does not necessarily mean you are destined to an uncompetitive final score. Below are some links to let you know that you are not alone if this situation happens to describe you. And that there are people who have gone from lower Diagnostics to competitive final scores (again, see commentary above about what this means for studying).
(LS) Discouraged by Diagnostic
(LS) Discouraged by Diagnostic redux
(LS) Discouraged by Diagnostic redux2
(TheLSATTrainer) Discouraging Diagnostic score
What is an adequate amount of time to self-study
AC: Per usual the answer is: it depends. Take a diagnostic and go from there. The below links provide examples of what certain test takers did and their ultimate score. In general, a few months with medium to hard studying is probably sufficient given a 150+ diagnostic (again see discussion above re: Diagnostic).
(PrincetonReview) How long should you study for the LSAT
(TLS) How long should one study for the LSAT
(LS) How long should one study for the LSAT
(LS) How long did you study for the LSAT
(LS) How long does it take to prepare for the LSAT
(LS) Is one month a reasonable amount of time to study for the LSAT
How many hours a day or week should I spend studying (including if I have school and/or job)
AC: Balancing various life commitments is always a struggle. You have to study, yes, but if you are studying at 2am before you have to wake up at 6am for work, you are probably not getting the most out of your efforts. That said, you typically need to be able to spend a least a few hours a day/night on the LSAT during your prime studying period. If you can't manage that you may need to put the LSAT on hold until you can afford the time to do so. In general, more time spent studying is better but be cognizant of your own mental and physical health.
(TLS) Balancing work/school and the LSAT
(TLS) How many hours do you spend studying
(TLS) How many hours do you spend studying redux
(TLS) How much time to dedicate to the LSAT vs school work
(LS) How many hours a day did you study
Do I study one section at a time or all at the same time
(LS) Allan says study all sections at the same time
(TLS) Do I study one section or all at the same time
(Reddit) Do I study all sections at once or separately
(Reddit) Do I study all sections at once of separately redux
What are some good self-study materials and/or general guides
(TLS) Pithypike's guide to the LSAT
(TLS) DD's guide to the LSAT
(TLS) Which self-prep books are the best
(Reddit) Which self-prep books are the best
(TLS) Manhattan vs PowerScore for self-prep
(BestLSATPrep) Manhattan self-prep book reviews
(LS) Allan recommends Manhattan self-prep books
What are some cheaper resources for self-studying if I cannot afford books / courses (or just want to get my feet wet)
(khanA) Free LSAT Prep at Khan Academy
(velocity) Free LSAT explanations
(LSATHacks) Free LSAT explanations
Two-Free LSAT Practice Tests
Should I study for the digital LSAT different than a paper LSAT
LSAC on how to prepare for digital LSAT
(PowerScore) Digital prep vs traditional prep
(Reddit) Are you changing your studying for the digital exam
(usNews) How to study for reading comp on the digital LSAT
I am hitting a plateau what do I do
(LS) Breaking through a plateau
(LS) Breaking through a plateau redux
(Reddit) Tips to combat a plateau
(TLS) Help with a plateau
(TLS) Help with a plateau redux
(LS) Struggling to see improvement
My score improved after first studying and now has gone down! Is this normal?
AC: The answer is YES it is totally normal! What we have found is that early on in their prep test takers learn a lot about the exam, which gives them a pretty decent boost from their Diagnostic on their next few writes. However, as they continue studying they are introduced to more nuanced lines of reasoning and begin to start overthinking everything, and I mean everything, including the easy stuff! What happens then is that they start to get things wrong, even the things they were getting correct before. They trick themselves. They are looking for nuance under every rock and corner (now that they have been trained to do so...shame on us instructors!) and they start believing there is something clever behind a particular incorrect answer choice that they are missing, and so they pick it! This phase lasts for some time until test takers start to become better at sussing out what is actually an important nuance versus what is just, well, unimportant. Generally speaking, just continued studying is the key to get out of this rut (nothing fancy). Below are links to stories of people going from higher scores to lower scores mid-study (they should let you know that this is normal and that you are not alone)!
(Manhattan) Going from a 168 to 157 during prep
(TLS) Going from a 153 -> 163 -> 157 during prep
(7Sage) Going from a 158 -> 163 -> 157
(PowerScore) My LSAT is getting worse with studying
Can I take time off during studying
AC: My philosophy is absolutely! It is not uncommon to reach a plateau during your LSAT prep, take a break, and come back and do better than before. As for why this happens, I like to talk about the university exam experience. Have you ever encountered an exam where you have no idea how to answer an early question and skip it only to find out that an answer has come to you while answering another question much later in the test? Your brain works in mysterious ways and sometimes it just takes time for things to sink in on a subconscious level. So yes, taking time is okay! Just be honest with yourself and make sure a "break" doesn't turn into an extended vacation!
(7Sage) Is taking a break okay
(7Sage) Is taking a break okay redux
(PowerScore) What about breaks
(Reddit) In support of taking a break
(usNews) Taking a break when you plateau
The LSAT is a grind and I feel like giving up. Is there any point to have hope?
AC: The LSAT is absolutely a grind for most. Some take longer than others to accomplish their goal. Do not necessarily give up hope if you are not at the score you want or need. Perhaps take a break and try a different approach. Below are links to some people in a similar situation and the responses are quite encouraging.
(LS) The LSAT is weighing on me mentally
(7Sage) I want to give up after a year of studying
(TLS) I want to give up before writing the exam
What are some good study tips for Logical Reasoning
(PowerScore) Logical Reasoning strategy
(TLS) Mastering LR
(TLS) Mastering LR redux
(7Sage) LR tips
What outside knowledge can I use when answering LR questions
AC: If you struggle with this I highly recommend the Blueprint link below. It is a fabulous write-up on what one is allowed to bring into the exam with them (hint: it is more than you probably think).
(BluePrint) Can I use outside information (Yes!)
(PowerScore) What to trust and what to question
Do I have to make assumptions on the LR section
AC: YES! Sometimes test takers mistakenly believe that because the exam is supposed to test one's ability to evaluate logic - not knowledge - that no assumptions are required. This is untrue. In fact, LSAC goes out of their way to highlight at the beginning of every LR section that assumptions may be required. The biggest and most important assumption that one has to make is that the author of the stimulus (whether that is a political commentator, economist, concerned citizen, etc) actually believes their argument. That is, they are not trying to deceive you and actually believe their own conclusion even if it is quite terribly supported. You MUST assume that the argument is being put forward in good faith. Can you imagine trying to answer a necessary assumption question when it's unclear whether or not the author actually believes their own conclusion? If they don't believe it then nothing would be necessary!
Are certain blocks of questions harder than others and what is the optimal pacing of questions (e.g. first 10 questions in 10 minutes, next 5 in 7, etc.)
AC: There is no guarantee of question difficulty no matter where a question is placed in an LR set. The third question could be the hardest of the bunch or it could be the easiest. That said, it is typically the case that the first 10-12 questions are the easiest, the next 5-10 are medium to hard difficulty, and the last bunch are easy to medium (all on average). Because there is a slight change in difficulty between blocks of questions you will definitely have a different pace to answering them depending on what block (first, middle or last) you are in. I have generally found that a decent goal for time spent is as follows: 30% of your time on the first 10 questions, 40-50% of your time on the next 10, 20-30% on the remaining 5-6; if you don't get to all the questions then the proportion of time spent would still apply but to the number of questions attempted rather then the entire set.
Note: The PowerScore link provided below disputes what I said above somewhat as it indicates that difficulty is more or less linear across the three section groupings discussed above (the first being the easiest and the last section said to be the hardest). However, as far as I can tell they do not appear to take into account test taking fatigue and if looked at as standalone questions, the last 5 or so are no more difficult, on average, than the proceeding 10; we've done our own logistic regressions and found this to be the case (but reasonable people will disagree I suppose)!
(PowerScore) Question difficulty by place in LR section
(PowerScore) Breakdown of graph in above PS link
(Manhattan) Are the first 10 LR questions easier
I am having a hard time with necessity and sufficiency what do I do
(7Sage) Necessity vs Sufficiency help
(khanA) Necessity vs Sufficiency help
(Manhattan) Necessity vs Sufficiency help
(Blueprint) Necessity vs Sufficiency help
(LSATMarathon) Necessity vs Sufficiency help
I am having a hard time with parallel reasoning questions what do I do
(TLS) Tips for Parallel Reasoning questions (see Manhattan Noah's post)
Do I need to disqualify every incorrect answer choice or can I just select the correct answer choice
AC: I'm actually shocked that in my research for this post that I could not find a good link on this (if anyone has a resource please post and I will try to get the mods to add it here). But YES. In LR the answer choices can be incredibly nuanced. And given the speed and pressure you will be under on exam day it should not at all be taken for granted you will be able to identify the correct answer as such as soon as you see it and likewise for the incorrect answer choices. (who do you think you are, the guy that set the record for Jeopardy winnings or something?!). You are likely to make a number of sloppy mistakes if you simply look for the correct answer choice. High scoring test takers look for the incorrect answers and disqualify 4 before picking the remaining contender. Moreover, a two-pass approach is preferred. The first pass is where you disqualify definitely incorrect answer choices (usually 2-3 will be knocked off without having to do too much work). On the second pass, you really have to dive into the nuance of each potential contender and convince yourself that the incorrect answer choices are incorrect and the correct one is definitely correct. Essentially this entire process is there to protect you against sloppy mistakes. Remember, LSAC knows what your brain will gravitate towards if you are not thinking carefully and they will place many appealing looking answer choices amongst the incorrect pile just to succor you in (don't fall for their shenanigans)!
How do I get faster at LR
(LSATHacks) How to get faster at LR
(ThoughtCo) General tips on LR
What is a prephrase and is it really that important? Plus, how do I prephrase?
AC: YES! Please prephrase as much as possible.
(PowerScore) You. Yes You. PREPHRASE DUMMY
(TLS) Tips on prephrasing in LR
(LS) Tips on prephrasing in LR
(Reddit) Prephasing in LR by question type
What are some good study guides and/or tip sheets for Reading Comp
(TLS) Voyager's guide to RC
(LSATTrainer) RC review chapter
(Reddit) Comprehensive RC guide
(LS) Yoni's guide to RC
How do I read faster and retain more information while reading the passage
(LSATHacks) How to go faster on RC
(LSATHacks) How to go faster on RC redux
(7Sage) RC memory method
What is the optimal time split for passage versus questions
(7Sage) Time management for RC
(TLS) LSATinator's guide to time management
What is pre-phrasing an answer choice and is it really that important?
See LR prephrase FAQ above
I have a hard time with passages on particular subjects (e.g. science) can I skip these
AC: If you generally have time to attempt all passages then the order doesn't really matter and you might as well answer them as they come. However, if you only get to three (or less) of four than you might be able to do better by actively selecting which passage to not attempt. Most people have trouble with particular subjects and if you find yourself staring down the barrel of a passage on a subject you generally dislike you may consider skipping it. That is a perfectly okay strategy as long as you don't do so ONLY because of the subject matter. Let me explain: while you might often struggle with a particular subject (say science) sometimes passages with subject matters you dislike are relatively accessible (are easy reads) and if you give up after reading the first line you may not see how accessible the passage really is. Our recommendation is this: try and do the first passage of the set no matter the subject matter (they tend to be easiest), and beyond that if you encounter a passage with a subject you dislike, read the first few lines (or first paragraph) and if it seems accessible then continue. If it does not then abandon it and move on to the next passage. A word of caution: once you have abandoned one passage you should not double back. At that point you are pot committed and you should continue to read all remaining passages even if they turn out to be difficult for you. Don't be the person at the grocery store hopping from line to line because it looks shortest and consequently spend double the amount of time you would have had you stuck with just one lane!
(Reddit) Can I completely skip passages
(Velocity) How to assess reading comp passage difficulty
(LSAC) Suggested reading comp approach
Why is reading comp so hard to improve
See links and sections on how to improve (why it is hard to improve RC is inherently contained in the advice on how to improve!)
What are some good study guides/advice and/or books for Logic Games
AC: I have nothing to add in terms of specific study strategies (please see links below) but on the point of book recommendations I highly suggest looking into the Manhattan LSAT LG book. It is the best self-prep book for LG I have seen and I would suggest it every day of the week over the PowerScore LG Bible.
(TLS) Best LG books
(7Sage) Foolproof LG method
(Blueprint) Speeding up LG
(LS) Advice on improving LG
(LSATHacks) How to improve LG speed
What is exhausting / templating and how do I know when to do it
AC: I struggled to find any (decent) resources on this topic so if anyone knows of any please share in the comments! When someone says they "exhausted" a game it generally means one of two things: more often than not it means before tackling the questions they created a small number (say 2-4) base setups where it was possible to place most of the elements into given positions but some elements remain to be placed. It could also mean fully writing out every possible scenario in a given game. But the second meaning only refers to a situation that very rarely happens in practice. So for our purposes let's define "exhaustion" as the act of creating a small number of base setups ahead of tackling the questions.
Let's talk about why one might do this? The answer is that it is easier to mentally juggle a handful of elements (in terms of possible placement) then it is to juggle the entire game board! Having a base scenario which places a good number of the possible elements in given spots helps facilitate this. For example, if elements A, B and C can each go into one of three possible locations (assume there are no restrictions on placement) there are 6 possible combinations total (3 factorial). But if you have even just two more elements to place (say you are working with a clean slate and no base to work from) you have to mentally struggle with 120 placements (5 factorial)! Holy smokes! Placing only two additional elements reduces the mental workload by more than a factor of 10!
So now we have the why. Let's talk about how one knows to do this / how is it done? Unfortunately there is no golden rule or bulletproof heuristic. Instead, looking for possible exhaustive possibilities should be part of regular workflow. That is, after you have diagrammed the rules and have your game board setup you should always ask, IN EACH AND EVERY GAME, is there a possibility to exhaust? That includes sequencing games as well for those of you thinking those cannot be exhausted. When I say every game. I MEAN EVERY GAME (I DON'T KNOW WHY I AM SHOUTING...I GOT EXCITED)!
Here is the workflow:
1. Look at restricted elements and mentally place them on the board (let's say you are mentally placing X in various spots);
2. If you are able to make inferences about placement of additional elements on the basis of the placement of X then proceed with diagramming out scenarios based on placing X onto the board;
3. If you cannot see too much on the basis of placing X then try another element until you've run through all good candidates
Note: In step 2 you will generally be looking for having 40% of the board placed on the basis of your inferences. If you can only place one additional element and still lots remains uncertain then maybe consider picking another element to exhaust with. You generally will only need to place (or not place) one rule to exhaust a game (e.g. a certain bird is in the forest or it is not).
Note 2: Exhausting is super helpful in many, many circumstances. The mantra is "you don't need a good reason to exhaust you just need an excuse!" Sometimes games seem intractable because you did not see the possibility to exhaust them. The Virus game on PT 79 is a good example. It is one of the easiest games if you exhaust the setup and it is brutally hard otherwise.
Should I answer questions in the order that they appear
(LS) DO NOT answer questions in order of appearance
Do I need to disqualify every incorrect answer choice
AC: Since the entire process of LG is deductive you DO NOT need to disqualify every incorrect answer choice. Let's assume a question asks: "What are possible positions of X if Y is in position 4" and you are presented with answer choices (A:1, B:2, C:3, D:5, E:6). Lets also say that in your past work you jotted down a scenario that has Y in position 4 and in that scenario X is in position 1. Do you need to go through the remaining answer choices after seeing A? Of course not. On the basis of your past work you KNOW that if Y is in 4 X could go in 1 because you already have a setup where that is the case! What's the rub? Well, you have to trust your previous work. But trust me on this, if you can't trust your previous work you are already screwed in LG. In LG you go slow but methodically; you trust your deductions and past work.
If I set up a game wrong should I re-do it midway through
AC: If you realize midway through a game that you have diagrammed the game in a suboptimal way I would recommend NOT changing your diagram as long as the way you set up the game does not betray the rules. My reasons are two-fold. One, rewriting setups is a time consuming affair and transcribing all your past work into the new format takes a lot of time as well. And two, once you think about a game in a certain orientation it is mind bogglingly difficult to think about it from a different direction. Trust me on this: when I set up a game for review in class and most of the students did it another way....sometimes I cannot even begin to comprehend inferences in their setup (at least not right away) because my mind is wired in a completely different direction at that point. So yup, we just take it up my way (sorry!)
Note: You are likely, if not guaranteed, to write down at least one suboptimal setup on your exam. It's just going to happen. It is a pressure cooker of an environment and you can't expect yourself to be perfect on all things! Forge ahead with what you got and as long as the rules are not betrayed you will do fine (in most cases a sub optimal setup only costs you a minute or so in time which is not a big deal compared to the alternative)!
Can I use past work to help answer other questions
See link in "Should I answer questions in order that they appear"
Is it okay to brute force some questions (and when should I brute force)
AC: Some questions in the LG section can only be answered via a brute force approach and so of course it is okay to brute force SOME questions. Having said that, the vast majority of games and questions can be tackled (or at the very least most answer choices can be disqualified) without brute forcing. If you find yourself having to brute force every question of a game it is usually because you missed a key inference or quite commonly did not exhaust the game when it was otherwise possible to do so. Go back and review the game and see if there was anything you missed. I bet you there will be.
Also, if you are worried that failing to make the proper inferences only happens because you don't know what you are doing: think again. Fortunately not often, but sometimes I encounter a game that I feel I need to brute force way too much and I feel downright dirty about it. I mean icky. And almost always when I review the game my ickyness was justified because there was a much simpler and less time consuming approach that I should have seen! LG are tough and they nip the best of us.
(TLS) Is it okay that I generally brute force games
(Reddit) Are new games more reliant on brute force
I am not getting to all the games is it okay to skip a game
AC: If you are not getting to all the games then it makes sense to skip particularly hard games. As with RC, make sure you give a game an honest go before you skip (i.e. read the rules) but if it looks like it'll be a tough one feel free to skip. But also like RC don't jump around. Once you skip a game don't return until you've completed all others. Note: the first game tends to be the easiest.
What do I do if I am not seeing enough progress in the games
(PowerScore) I am not seeing enough improvement in score despite training
(Reddit) I am not improving my LG score
(Blueprint) How to move past a plateau
Tutoring and/or Courses
Do courses and tutors really help
(LS) Do tutors/courses really help
(LS) Are courses really worth the money
(Reddit) Are courses really worth the money
(TLS) Are courses really worth the money
(TLS) Courses vs self-prep
Is a private tutor or a course a better option
(LS) Classes vs private tutor
(LS) Class vs private tutor depends on level of LSAT awareness
(TLS) Classes vs private tutor
(TLS) Classes vs private tutor vs self prep
(Reddit) Classes vs private tutor vs self prep
I am considering a course and/or tutor what are next steps
AC: 100% of your experience (okay....98%!) will depend on whether or not you jive with your instructor. Someone can be a great instructor for some students but not for others only because of how people's brains are wired. For example, if I am your instructor you will hear anecdotes and references to cocaine, hockey, syphilis, among other key things in life (like backing up over Yoni in a parking garage...in reference to a stimulus regarding opportunity and financial motive); and this will either help make things stick or make you wonder how someone like me could ever get a decent score! On the other hand, Yoni (my employer!) is laser focused, armed with his own analogies but usually doesn't delve into the coke references too much. My other colleague Isaac has his own unique way of teaching as well! So here's the rub: if you are thinking of spending a ton of cash on tutoring or a course you should also ask for a 15-30 minute consult (free of charge) with any prospective instructor; that way you can make sure you are aligned before signing up and spending good money on something that may not be the best fit for you.