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LSAT/GPA/LOR Resource (Updated in November 2014)

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Questions for each school are provided in the following order:

1 - How do you treat multiple LSATs/Do you require the LSAT?

2 - How do you calculate my admissions GPA?

3 - Do you require letters of reference/How many letters of reference do you require?

 

UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA

 

1. We take your best LSAT score.

 

2. All courses completed towards an undergraduate degree will be considered for admission. Courses in progress, during the final year of an undergraduate program, will not be used in the calculation of the admission GPA. For applicants with a four-year undergraduate degree, the lowest 12 credits (equivalent to four UBC term/semester courses or two year-long courses) will be eliminated from the calculation of the admission GPA. For applicants in the third year of an undergraduate degree program at the time of application, the lowest 6 credits (equivalent to two UBC term/semester courses or one year-long course) will be eliminated from the calculation of the admission GPA.

 

3. We do not require reference letters for applications in the Regular Category, and they will not be reviewed if submitted as part of a regular application. Two reference letters are required in all other categories (discretionary, Indigenous, as well as upper year transfer or letter of permission applications).

 

http://www.calendar.ubc.ca/vancouver/index.cfm?tree=12,207,358,326

http://www.law.ubc.ca/lsat-frequently-asked-questions

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA

 

1. We use the highest [LSAT] score in computing our admissions index number. The LSAT may be written up to three times in a two-year period.

 

2. Where an applicant has the equivalent of more than three full years of academic courses, we disregard some of the worst grades and recalculate the GPA. For example, if you have completed a four-year degree, either three full-year courses or six term courses (or a combination of the two) will be eliminated from your GPA calculation. These deletions will be done in ascending order, commencing with your lowest grades. We do not include graduate courses in our assessment of applications.

 

3. We do not require letters of reference in our Regular category.

 

 

http://www.uvic.ca/law/admissions/jdadmissionfaqs/index.php

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA

 

1. The Admissions Committee averages scores where the applicant has taken the LSAT on more than one occasion. The Committee may disregard a particular LSAT score where the applicant establishes to the satisfaction of the Committee that the score was adversely affected by exceptional circumstances. However, candidates are cautioned not to sit the LSAT if they are ill, or ill-prepared.

 

2. The GPA is determined by reference to the applicant's most recent 60 units/credits (equivalent to 10 full courses or 20 half courses) of study in a recognized university degree (undergraduate or graduate), provided those units of course weight are completed by February 1st in the year in which admission is sought. This the minimum number of units/credits or courses that will be used in the assessment of an applicant's GPA. In many cases when we count back to obtain the 60 units/credits, we may have to go part-way into an academic session (Fall/Winter or Spring/Summer). If this happens, we do not stop at the 60th unit/credit, we will use the courses and grades for that entire session (we do not break up academic sessions). Therefore, in these cases, we will use more than 60 units/credits and could very likely use courses from the applicant's first and second years of academic study. Grades of all applicants from universities other than the University of Alberta will be converted, insofar as possible, to the grading scale in use at the University, for the purpose of comparative evaluation. See grading system.

 

3. Personal statements/reference letters are not accepted in support of regular applicants, but are required in the case of aboriginal applicants.

 

https://lawschool.ualberta.ca/programs/juris-doctor/faq

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY

 

1. If you write the LSAT more than once, the highest score will be used to group your file statistically, however your average score and the number of times you have written the test will be taken into account when reviewing your application.

 

2. For the purposes of grouping the files, the applicant's GPA is calculated based on their last 20 half courses or 60 credit equivalents. Courses must be completed by December 31 of the application year to be included in the GPA calculation.

 

3. We require two (2) letters of reference, and request that they be from academic sources. The committee will accept and read only two letters. You should be aware that failure to have two academic letters of reference may reduce your chances of admission. Non-academic letters of reference must be from someone who has had interactions with you in a professional capacity, such as an employer or an individual with an organization for which you have volunteered. Personal letters of reference - i.e., from friends or family - will not be considered by the Committee. Applicants who choose to provide non-academic referees must submit a brief explanation outlining the reason(s) for their choice by email, to [email protected], at the time of their application.

 

http://www.law.ucalgary.ca/admissions/how-to-apply

http://www.law.ucalgary.ca/admissions/assessment

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN

 

1. For applicants with multiple LSAT scores, the highest current score will be used.

 

2. We calculate both a best-two full years grade point average and an overall grade point average. We require a minimum of 24 credit units in the fall and winter terms per year in order to calculate a best-two years grade point average. Summer session and intersession classes are not counted in the calculation of the best-two years grade point average, but are counted towards your overall GPA. For most applicants, a formula combining the LSAT score and their best 2 years GPA will have the most significant weight.

 

3. Regular applicants should not submit reference letters.

 

http://law.usask.ca/programs/law-degree/faqs.php

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA

 

1. The highest LSAT score is used.

 

2. An applicant’s entire academic history is reviewed whether taken in undergraduate or graduate studies, on a full or part time basis or in Regular, Evening or Summer Session. When an applicant has earned 90-101 credits, 18 of the lowest are dropped (equivalent of 3 full courses, 6 half courses, or combination of); when 102-113 credits are earned, 24 of the lowest are dropped (equivalent of 4 full courses, 8 half courses, or combination of); 114+ credit earned, 30 of the lowest are dropped (equivalent of 5 full courses, 10 half courses or combination of).

 

3. If I apply under the Index Score category, should I submit reference letters or a personal statement? No, only a 50/50 weighting of AGPA and LSAT score are considered.  Please do not send supplementary documents; they will not be read.

 

http://law.robsonhall.ca/jd/faq

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF WINDSOR

 

Note: “We emphasize that no one single factor is solely determinative of admission to the law school.”

 

1. All applicants must write the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). LSAT test scores written in December and/or February following the November application deadline will be considered. LSAT scores written more than six years prior to the academic year of application will not be considered.

 

2. This category [university Program] comprises undergraduate average and academic performance trends in light of relevant considerations; awards and prizes; the nature and content of the program taken; the level of any degree(s) or diplomas obtained.

 

3. Two (2) letters of reference (one academic and one non-academic)*on the forms specifically provided for this purpose; *Each applicant is required to submit two letters of reference. Those applicants who have attended a post secondary institution during the three years prior to the application are required to submit at least one academic reference. Reference forms are provided and, when completed, should be forwarded directly to the OLSAS by the referee.

 

http://www.uwindsor.ca/law/343/our-admissions-criteria

http://www.uwindsor.ca/law/328/how-apply-jd

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN ONTARIO

 

1. We review all scores, but will use the highest score for admission purposes. Generally, high scores on the first writing – or consistently high scores over multiple writings – are given greater weight than inconsistent scores over multiple writings.

 

2. We consider all years of study, but place greater weight on the last two years of full-time (or equivalent) undergraduate study. If you are taking longer to complete your degree than the standard four years, we will count among those last two years a fifth or post-graduate year of full-time (or equivalent) undergraduate study.

 

3. We require two reference letters, one of which must be academic (from a university professor). The second letter may also be academic or it may be non-academic, e.g., from an employer, coach, or someone else who knows you well who can provide an objective assessment. You should avoid letters from family members or close family friends as they may be perceived to be not as objective as other references. Mature candidates may submit two non-academic references if they cannot obtain an academic reference.

 

https://www.law.uwo.ca/admissions/frequently_asked_questions/index.html

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF OTTAWA

 

1. Only the highest LSAT score is considered by the Admissions Committee.

 

2. Undergraduate academic performance is the most significant numerical factor in the evaluation process. Most successful applicants have at least an A- average overall (CGPA).

 

3. You must also submit to OLSAS two letters of reference. While at least one reference must be from an academic source, it is preferable to have two academic references.

 

http://www.commonlaw.uottawa.ca/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=15&Itemid=29

 

 

 

QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY

 

1. The Admissions Committee initially considers the average score for the ranking of applicants for scholarship purposes and ordering the files for decision by the Committee. The Admissions Committee will rely on the highest score achieved at the time of the admission decision.

 

2. The Admissions Committee reviews the nature and content of the undergraduate and graduate programs undertaken. Enrollment at full course load, scholarships,awards and prizes received, the level of the degree obtained (i.e., honours vs. general), consistency and improvement in academic performance, and successful completion of graduate work are weighed positively.

 

3. General category: Provide a maximum of two academic references. You may file a third non‑academic letter of reference.

 

http://law.queensu.ca/jd-admissions/admission-information/first-year

 

 

 

OSGOODE HALL, YORK UNIVERSITY

 

1. All applicants to the first-year program are required to take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT).  Osgoode considers your highest result as reported by the Law School Admission Council and will accept LSAT scores for the past five years (i.e. back to and including June 2010).

 

2. Our approach to reading over 3,000 applications begins with the applicant’s cumulative gpa and LSAT score. When considering applications we look for strength in both academic and non academic factors cited. No formula or weighting is used between these factors. Although admission decisions are made on the basis of a holistic assessment of the application, successful applicants generally have an “A-“ (3.7) cumulative GPA and an LSAT in the 80th percentile, or better.  Significantly stronger results on either the LSAT or the GPA may compensate for a less competitive LSAT or GPA. These numbers are for consideration only and not a guarantee of admission.

 

3. At least two letters of reference are required and we strongly recommend that at least one be an academic reference.

 

http://www.osgoode.yorku.ca/prospective-students/jd-program/jd-admissions/application-components/

http://www.osgoode.yorku.ca/prospective-students/jd-program/jd-admissions/review-process/

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO

 

1. If more than one LSAT score is reported, all LSAT scores will be seen and considered by the Admissions Committee. Generally, we place emphasis on the highest LSAT score reported.

 

2. Our review of an applicant's undergraduate record is sensitive to context. It is based on the principle that undergraduate records should be compared as fairly as possible across applicants. For this reason, we examine the pattern of the intensity of the course work taken across an applicant's undergraduate career (light versus heavy, full-time versus part-time, co-op versus regular, introductory versus upper-year courses, courses on exchange, courses during the summer term). We also examine the patterns of results the applicant achieved in that coursework (increasing trends, sustained periods of strong performance, short-term deviations, cumulative results, etc). Moreover, we take into account the nature of the program and the undergraduate institution (or institutions) at which an applicant has studied. Specifically, programs and institutions have varying grading practices, which we take into account in our assessment. In general, the Admissions Committee examines each applicant's academic record with a view to meaningful and fair comparisons of undergraduate performance. Although OLSAS does calculate a GPA for each applicant following a standard methodology, we use the results of these calculations merely as a starting point for our context-sensitive analysis.

 

3. Letters of recommendation are not required and, if submitted, will not form part of the applicant's file.

 

http://www.law.utoronto.ca/admissions/jd-admissions/admissions-frequently-asked-questions

http://www.law.utoronto.ca/admissions/jd-admissions/application-procedure

 

 

 

MCGILL UNIVERSITY

 

1. Applicants are not required to take the LSAT; however, if a candidate has taken or will be taking the LSAT, the score will be considered.

 

2. GPA (Grade Point Average) is calculated on all academic years, even if you have done three or four years and if you have done the same course more than once. While the emphasis is on the applicant's undergraduate marks, any graduate work will also be considered.

 

3. Two (2) letters of reference are required. The Admissions Committee does not accept additional letters of reference. Applicants who are students, or who have recently completed programs of study, are expected to provide academic references from current or recent professors or teachers who are familiar with their work. Applicants in the CEGEP and Quebec French Baccalaureate (Collèges international Marie de France and Stanislas) category are expected to submit two letters of reference from CEGEP or college professors. Applicants who are unable to obtain academic references because they are no longer students should submit letters from individuals who are well placed to evaluate the applicant's academic abilities such as critical reading, research, and writing; these may be professional references, but ought to be from a person who is in a supervisory position vis-à-vis the applicant. Personal references are not helpful.

 

http://www.mcgill.ca/law-admissions/undergraduates/admissions/faq

http://www.mcgill.ca/law-admissions/undergraduates/admissions/documents

 

 

 

UNIVERSITE DE MONCTON

 

1. Comme toutes les autres facultés enseignant le droit en français au Canada, la faculté n’exige pas que les candidats et les candidates fassent le Law School Admissions Test (LSAT).

 

2. S’il ne vous reste qu’une année d’étude avant l’obtention de votre baccalauréat et que vous avez une moyenne exceptionnelle de 3,5 sur 4,3, vous pouvez faire une demande d’admission. Nous avons également une catégorie adulte pour les personnes ayant au moins cinq années d’expérience professionnelle. Ces personnes peuvent être admises si elles démontrent au comité qu’elles possèdent les aptitudes intellectuelles qui leur permettront de réussir. L’évaluation tient compte de leur expérience dans un domaine connexe au droit et de leur excellence dans leur profession.

 

3. Pour faire une demande d'admission vous devez… prendre les dispositions pour nous faire parvenir deux lettres de recommandation confidentielles de professeures ou de professeurs.

 

http://www.umoncton.ca/umcm-droit/node/17

http://www.umoncton.ca/umcm-droit/node/15

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF NEW BRUNSWICK (FREDERICTON)

 

1. The Admissions Index is determined using the applicant’s re-calculated Grade Point Average (GPA) (see below) and highest LSAT score.

 

2. The GPA is based on the applicant’s entire university academic record, including post-first degree work. If the applicant has completed three years (or equivalent), the lowest 15% of the grades are excluded from the calculation of the applicant’s re-calculated GPA; if the applicant has completed four or more years (or equivalent), the lowest 25% are excluded; if an applicant is currently in their final year of a four year degree program, the lowest 15% will be excluded.

 

3. Letters of reference, while not required, are useful when conducting Supplementary Review (see below) and determining eligibility for general scholarships.

 

http://www.unb.ca/fr...ssionsguide.pdf

 

 

 

SCHULICH SCHOOL OF LAW, DALHOUSIE UNIVERSITY

 

1. If you have written the LSAT multiple times, we will use your highest score.

 

2. When assessing transcripts, we will take into consideration either the overall GPA or the last two years (10 credits), whichever is the better.

 

3. 2 Letters of Reference (Appendix A) – If currently attending university or have been out of school for 3 years or less, they must be academic otherwise you can submit either personal or employment letters of reference.

 

http://www.dal.ca/content/dam/dalhousie/pdf/law/Admissions/law_infosheets_admissions%20faq_web_1113.pdf

 

 

 

THOMPSON RIVERS UNIVERSITY

 

1. No, your highest LSAT score will be reported and considered when your application is reviewed. However, all scores are included in the application file for the admission committee member to view. A significant increase in score will be noted.

 

2. Please be sure to send your final grades earned up until December 31st of the year you apply in order for us to calculate your GPA.

 

3. Yes, you will need three letters of reference. Reference letters should be one to two pages in length in a sealed envelope with the referee’s signature across the seal. All reference letters need to be mailed directly to the Law Admissions Office at Thompson Rivers University. Applicants are urged to provide two academic references and the third reference can be a non-academic reference. If you are unable to provide two academic references, a brief note should be included in the application explaining the reasons for this.

 

http://www.tru.ca/law/prospective-students/faq.html

 

 

 

 

LAKEHEAD UNIVERSITY

 

1. If applicants complete the LSAT more than once, the highest test result reported by the Law School Admission Service in the year of application is used for admission. LSAT scores within the past five (5) years may be used (back to 2009).

 

2. OLSAS calculates your GPA on our behalf - they take into account all undergraduate grades (including summer courses) and provide us with a yearly breakdown, a per-university breakdown if applicable, as well as an overall cumulative GPA.  Competitive applicants would have an overall B+/A- average but we do look at both the yearly breakdowns and the transcripts themselves and can identify where averages may have been pulled down. Applicants without the indicated average may be competitive through their LSAT score, by showing a steady increase in grades overall, or other aspects of their whole file. We do not drop lowest grades, nor do we look only at the best two years, but we certainly take into account where students have lower gpas due to difficult start to university, including starting in a different program. Master program grades are not included in these calculations, nor are any college grades. However, you must still provide those transcripts, as they help build the whole picture of your post-secondary education and we do look at them.

 

3. All applicants must provide at least two (2) letters of reference: one academic and one may be non-academic; however, two academic references are preferred. Applicants should carefully consider the selection of their referees. Referees should have extensive personal knowledge of the applicant in order to make statements concerning the applicant’s character, personal qualities, academic competencies, employment performance, volunteer contributions and other areas that may be of interest to the Admissions Committee.

 

https://www.lakeheadu.ca/academics/departments/law/admissions

https://www.lakeheadu.ca/academics/departments/law/admissions/law-admission-questions

Edited by redlead
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I know UVic says it drops 6 half year courses when calculating your GPA if you've completed a 4 year degree. Does anybody know if they drop more if you've completed say, 5 years of school?

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I know UVic says it drops 6 half year courses when calculating your GPA if you've completed a 4 year degree. Does anybody know if they drop more if you've completed say, 5 years of school?

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Does UVic Law count graduate courses in its evaluation?

We do not include graduate courses in our assessment of applications.

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Does UVic Law count courses taken after graduation or through an unclassified year of study?

Our admissions committee examines a student's post-secondary academic record, including post-degree courses. However, introductory courses (100-level and 200-level) that are taken after the completion of a degree will not be included in the GPA calculation.

 

If your fifth year is graduate work, they won't look at it. It sounds like they will include a maximum number of 1st and 2nd year courses, which is probably the maximum you are allowed to take for your degree (I think it's around 20 for first year courses?). So if your fifth year is 3rd and 4th year undergraduate courses, it sounds like they'll include them. I would e-mail admissions to find out.

Also, if you took a four-year degree in five years (i.e. 40 semester-long classes), then no they won't drop any additional courses.

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What the heck is an L2/B2 ? I am just starting to sort out my applications so excuse my ignorance to the process haha

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